EV Charging Connector Types USA, Europe, China, Japan

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EV Charging Connector Types

What is the difference between J1772 and CCS? What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 EV connectors? Currently, American, European, Chinese and Japanese automakers use different connectors and protocols for connecting their electric vehicles to chargers. In this article, we want to talk about the existing charging connectors, how they differ and what determines the choice of connector for a particular electric vehicle. After reading this article, you will easily understand all the charging connectors.

All charging connectors and connectors are divided by regions of electric vehicle production. For example, a Tesla manufactured for the American region will have its own charging port of the same name – Tesla, and a Tesla manufactured for Europe will have a Type 2 and CCS Combo 2 charging connector. Therefore, it is not the model of the electric car that is important, namely the market for which it was produced and where it is planned to operate.

EV Charging Connector Types USA and American Market:

Electric vehicles produced for the American market will have a combined CCS Combo 1 port, which combines the Type 1 port (aka J1772) and CCS 1. The exception is Tesla electric vehicles, which have their own Tesla charging port in the American region.

— Type 1 (J1772) charges an electric vehicle with AC alternating current
— CCS Combo 1 charges the electric vehicle with DC direct current
— The Tesla port can charge the electric vehicle with AC alternating current and DC direct current.

Most public charging stations in Europe will not have these ports. Therefore, if you purchased an electric car for the American region, you will need to use an adapter for public stations.

EV Charging Connector Types in Europe:

Electric vehicles produced for the European market will have a combined CS Combo 2 port, which combines the Type 2 port (aka Mennekes) and CCS 2.

— Type 2 (Mennekes) charges an electric vehicle with AC alternating current
— CCS Combo 2 charges the electric vehicle with DC direct current

Most public charging stations in the USA will not have these ports. Therefore, an electric car produced for the European market is not the most comfortable to use in the USA. 

EV Charging Connector Types in China:

Electric vehicles produced for the Chinese market will have GB/TEAC and GB/T DC ports

— GB/T AC charges the electric vehicle with AC alternating current
— GB/T DC charges the electric vehicle with DC direct current

Most public charging stations in the United States do not yet have ports for charging electric vehicles for the Chinese market. If there is no GB/T port on the station, you will need to use an adapter, and if there is one, there is not.

Japanese EV Charging Connector Types:

Electric vehicles produced for the Japanese market will have Type 1 and CHAdeMO ports.

— Type 1 (J1772) charges an electric vehicle with AC alternating current
— CHAdeMO charges the electric vehicle with DC direct current

Most public charging stations in the USA have a Type 1 port, but do not have a CHAdeMO port. For fast charging stations, you will need to use an adapter.

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